- Biography, Interior Lives, Journal
- W.N.P. Barbellion
W(ilhelm) N(ero) P(ilate) Barbellion was the nom-de-plume of Bruce Frederick Cummings. Cummings was born in Barnstaple in 1889. He was a naturalist at heart and ended up working at the British Museum's department of Natural History in London. Having begun his journal at the age of thirteen, Cummings continued to record his observations there - gradually moving from dry scientific notes to a more personal, literary style. His literary ambitions changed course in 1914 upon reading the journal of the Russian painter Marie Bashkirtseff, in whom he recognised a kindred spirit (see the October 14, 1914 entry of his Journal); in his January 15, 1915 entry he indicated that he intended to prepare his Journal for publication: "Then all in God's good time I intend getting a volume ready for publication."